Meditations and Molotovs - 08.28.17

August 28, 2017

Show Description - Monday, August 28th: On today's program, Vince finishes the series "Racism: A History -A Savage Legacy"

In the name of civilising 'the African,' 90% of Africa was divided among the European powers. Leopold II of Belgium set out to become personally wealthy through his seizure of the Congo, where extreme violence, mutilation and other coercive methods forced the local people to obtain rubber and other raw materials. Between 1880 and 1920 about 10 million people, were killed, yet Leopold built an opulent museum to the colonisation of the Congo, which became the venue of one of the first so-called Human zoos that toured Europe throughout the end of the 19th and beginning of the 20th century.Then the words genocide, holocaust and racism became used in connection with the Nazi treatment of the Jews and it became clear that these were abhorrent. However, it did not change the way things were done towards people of colour.

In South Africa the system of racial classification did not have the intention of exterminating the black population created a bureaucracy to determine and enforce access to resources along racial lines. This included an illusory face of democracy which enabled the government to obtain the support of international governments. After the Sharpeville massacre, the banning of the ANC and arrest of Nelson Mandela, the attacks became increasingly violent and deaths mounted up. In 1976 student riots led to many schoolchildren being killed as well as Black Consciousness leader Steve Biko. Practically every family in South Africa was in some way affected by the killings and torture.

It comes as no surprise that many countries supported South Africa. In the United States African American soldiers returning from the war in 1946 were lynched at the rate of one a week. Protests led finally to the passing of anti-lynching laws. When schools were desegregated, violence erupted, resulting in the death of 14-year-old Emmett Till in 1955, the photo of whose mutilated face, testimony of extreme viciousness and hate, bore witness of the white man's savagery towards blacks. Four months later the Civil Rights Movement was born, having to deal with years of violent resistance and the murder of two of its leaders, Martin Luther King Jr. and Malcolm X. However, even the civil rights legislation could not alleviate the ubiquitous poverty.

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Meditations and Molotovs - 08.21.17

August 21, 2017

 On today's program, Vince plays Part Two of "Racism: A History" - 'Fatal Impacts.

Part Two examines the controversial theories of Social Darwinism and Scientific Racism, concepts invented during the 19th century. Both ideologies that drew on now discredited practices such as phrenology and provided an ideological justification for racism, slavery and the violence of colonization. These theories ultimately led to eugenics .These same racial theories lived on into the 20th century to become part of the ideology that underpinned the Third Reich and Nazi racial policies of the master race.

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Meditations and Molotovs - 08.14.17

August 21, 2017

On today's program, Vince plays Part One of the BBC documentary film, "Racism: A History - Part 1: The Colour of Money"

Part One of the series begins by assessing the implications of the relationship between Europe, Africa and the Americas in the 15th century. It considers how racist ideas and practices developed in key religious and secular institutions, and how they showed up in writings by European philosophers Aristotle and Immanuel Kant.

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